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The Health and Human Services Department released its final rule on the establishment of exchanges and qualified health plans and exchange functions in the individual market.
The final rule, which combines what had been originally separate proposed rules published in July and August 2011, encompasses the key functions of exchanges related to eligibility, enrollment and plan participation and management. The department received more than 24,781 comments on the proposed rules.
[Commentary: Inside meaningful use stage 2 NPRMs: A difficult balance.]
HHS seeks further comments from the public on several sections, which are issued as interim final rules, related to options for conducting eligibility determinations, the ability of a state to permit agents and brokers to assist qualified individuals, and Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program.
The rule 644-page appeared March 12 in a preview section of the Federal Register. HHS will officially publish the rule on March 27.
The policies incorporated in the rule give states more flexibility to design and create their exchanges, which will be online marketplaces in which individuals and small businesses will be able to shop for and compare health coverage. Exchanges are scheduled to go live in 2014 under the health reform law.
“Exchanges will offer Americans, competition, choice and clout,” the final rule said.
The rule offers guidance about the options on how to structure exchanges in setting standards for establishing exchanges, setting up a small business health options program (SHOP), performing the basic functions of an exchange, and certifying health plans for participation in the exchange.
The rule also provides guidance for establishing a streamlined, web-based system for consumers to apply for and enroll in qualified health plans and insurance affordability programs.
Insurers will have to compete for their customers’ business, said Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius. “More competition will drive down costs and exchanges will give individuals and small businesses the same purchasing power big businesses have today,” she said in a statement.
The final rule makes sure that exchanges will coordinate with Medicaid, CHIP, and the Basic Health Program so that an applicant experiences a seamless eligibility and enrollment process regardless of where he or she submits an application.
In response to comments, the final rule provides two ways for exchanges to interact with Medicaid agencies when making eligibility determinations. Exchanges can conduct eligibility determinations for Medicaid and for advance payment of premium tax credits, or the exchange will make a preliminary eligibility assessment and then turn it over to the state Medicaid agency for final determination.
Also, a state-based exchange may determine eligibility for advance payments of the premium tax credit and cost-sharing reductions, or it could be approved if HHS makes determinations for these functions.
[Political Malpractice: In Michigan, the GOP governor embraces health insurance exchange.]
HHS previously provided a total of $50 million to all states except Alaska, which refused it, to begin to plan their exchange. Recently, 33 States and the District of Columbia have received over $667 million in establishment grants to begin building exchanges.
The federal government will put in place an exchange for states that choose not to establish one or will not have one operational by 2014.
The health reform law also provides for a premium tax credit for eligible individuals who enroll in a qualified health plan through an exchange to reduce the cost-sharing obligation of eligible individuals.
HHS said it has worked with states, small businesses, consumers, and health insurance plans and sought public comments to come up with the rule’s provisions.